Fill in the blanks:
1. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy. So they are also called energy giving foods.
2. People who do a lot of physical work needs a lot of carbohydrates to get energy.
3. Fibers are rough coarse elements which help during the movement of food in our intestine.
4. Proteins are needed by our body to stay healthy, to grow, and to repair the body. They are also called as growing and repairing food .
5. Fats protect the human body from cold and injuries.
6. Excessive consumption of fat can lead to diseases
· Wheat products – chappatis, spaghetti, porridge, biscuits, etc
· Rice based items – noodles, puffed rice, flat rice, etc
· Others--Barley, rye, oat, maize, millets, nuts, -
· Vegetables and fruits like – beans, carrots, potatoes, Bananas.
Fibers -Cereals, rice, fruits, vegetables, etc
Protein -egg, milk, curd, cheese, animal meat, pulses such as beans, gram, moong, etc
Fat-Oil, butter, samosa, bhajiya, gulab jamun, eggs, meat, milk, nuts, ghee and all fried food.
· During summer and spring time, some animals eat more food than usual.
· The extra food energy gets stored as fat under the skin. This fat helps to keep the animal warm.
· Their bodies live on their body fat as they ‘sleep’ through winter.
· The animal use up the body fat it has stored.
· Eg. - Bears, frogs, bats, mice, snakes, squirrels, snails.
A diet that contains all the essential nutrients such as protein ,fats and minerals , fibre and water in sufficient amount are called as balance diet.
Q1.How our body is a wonderful machine?
ANS . Like other machines our body runs on the fuel which we get from the food we eat. If it doesn't get the right kind of food then it will not function properly.
Q.2.Why do children require more amounts of proteins than adults?
Ans: As it is their growing age children require more amounts of proteins than adults.
Q.3. Consuming foods rich in nutrients are good rather than consuming artificially made nutrient-rich tablets. Why?
Ans : Consuming foods rich in nutrients are good, as they are natural. Medicines might have side effects.
Q.4.Why people in very cold regions have red meat?
Ans : The fat that they get from red meat helps to maintain the warmth in the body.
Q.5. What happens when we eat too much of fatty foods?”
Ans: We become fat, lazy, develop ailments, etc.
Q.6.Why do we get tired? Name some activities that tire you.
Ans: Lose of energy makes us tire.
Eg: walking , running, climbing ,swimming etc.
Q.7. What do we do in order to regain that lost energy?
Ans: We eat food, drink water and take rest to get energy.
Q.8.How we can not fall sick even after getting wet in the rains?
ANS.-If we eat home-made and healthy food then only we can stay fit.
(1) ‘Breakfast is the most important meal of the day.’Explain the statement.
Ans. Eating breakfast provides us with important nutrients and keeps us away from getting morning stomach aches. It also helps to control the urge to snack at odd times or eat a heavy lunch.
(2) How important is exercise for our body to maintain good health? Give your reasons.
Ans. We should engage in physical activity for a minimum of 30-45 minutes each day. Regular physical activity helps burn calories, helps with weight control and helps to prevent certain diseases. Children should enjoy different types of physical activity at home and at school